What Is Pigmentation?
Pigmentation is a technical term which generally means the darkening of skin or the darkening of individual patches on your skin. Therefore dark circles, acne marks, sun tanning, and other such things all come under pigmentation. Skin pigmentation or hyper-pigmentation is the dreaded brown, tan, or grey spots that appear on the skin. Now, it’s not something that happens to women, but the pigmentation is common in men as well. Although people with darker skin tones are more commonly affected, pigmentation can occur on any skin colour.
Types Of ‘
The most common type of hyperpigmentation is freckles. Freckles usually develop after constant exposure to the sun and are common, particularly if you have a fair complexion. They appear darker during the sunny months and tend to fade away during the winter season. Freckles are circular spots which are usually tan or light brown
Melasma or chloasma is a pigmentation that is deeper in the skins’ dermis common in people with a darker skin tone. It appears on the Face as large brown patches with a non-distinct border. This type of pigmentation is common in women during pregnancy and is often referred to as the mask of pregnancy. Melasma usually appears across the upper cheeks and also on areas such as the forehead, upper lip, and chin areas.
- Solar Lentigines
Solar lentigines are often referred to as liver spots or sunspots, and they may occur anywhere on the body, and they usually vary in colour from brown to black. People with a whiter skin tone are said to be more prone to sunspots. These spots are often caused by UV exposure, and the severity depends on the degree to which the melanin pigments are exposed to the UV rays. These sunspots must be continuously monitored as they may develop into skin cancer or melanoma.
- Post Inflammatory Pigmentation
This is a response to an injury of the skin and can be the results of acne, burns, or friction. It can also be the result of cosmetic procedures on the skin such as chemical peels, laser treatments, or any combination therapy. This type of pigmentation often results in tan, brown, or black colour of the skin.
If this pigmentation occurs on the epidermis, it tends to be tan, dark, or dark brown and it may take months to get rid of the
If this pigmentation occurs on the dermis, it tends to be bluish-grey and may be permanent if left untreated
Direct exposure to sunlight is one of the primary causes of hyperpigmentation. When you go out without properly covering yourself against sunlight, and if the sunlight hits you directly, hyperpigmentation begins to appear gradually on the skin. Heredity is another common cause for hyperpigmentation to occur on the skin. There are times when someone from your previous may have suffered from the problem of hyperpigmentation. As a result, the chances of you inheriting this problem and suffering from hyperpigmentation are high.
Hormonal change is another cause for hyperpigmentation. As we mentioned earlier, as we grow older, several changes take place in our body. And this means more hormones are secreted and multiple hormoneSpote frequently getting altered throughout our body. In different ages and over some time, men and women both suffer from the effects of hormonal changes taking place in their body and consequently face the appearance of hyperpigmentation on the Face as well as the other exposed parts of the body
There are several medications available in the market against the effects of hormonal imbalance. However, these medications or antibodies often leave a dark spot on your body. Women required to undergo a scissoring to deliver their baby usually take such necessary drugs, and these drugs become a major cause for the appearance of dark patches and spots over their body
5 Things That Can Worsen Your Pigmentation
- Ignoring Solar Protection
The fact that exposure to the sun can make your dark spots even darker is a no-brainer. I cannot stress enough about the importance of protection from solar rays. Lots of people out there are still not making sunscreens a part of their routines, and that can make your hyperpigmentation even worse. Exposure to solar rays leads to a higher production of melanin and more pigmentation on your skin. So, invest in sunblocks, hats, and clothes that can protect your whole body from the sun.
- Unsupervised Use of Topical Medication
There are many topical medicines used to treat hyperpigmentation, one of the most popular ingredients in these medications being hydroquinone. While hydroquinone can lighten the skin, but prolonged use of hydroquinone without any expert’s supervision can lead to the darkening of your skin.
- Picking at your Face
Most of us are guilty of the constant need to touch our face, especially when we’re breaking out, but it’s time you leave your Face alone. Always picking or worse scratching at your acne or even blackheads will in no way help clearing your skin but what it will do is lead to more pigmentation.
- Stress and Unhealthy Diet
Yes, just another problem caused by stress. Stress is not only an instigator of hyperpigmentation, but it makes things worse. To top all of it, once you’re prey to hyperpigmentation, you have to be careful with what you’re consuming. When it comes to food, “Psoralens” are to watch out for. Psoralen is the natural insecticide produced by the plants to repel insects, but it can actually increase the production of melanin in your skin and allow pigmentation to get worse. Not only psoralens, but an unhealthy diet can also make the matter a lot worse for you. Consuming unhealthy food, especially dairy, can lead to acne and inflammations that further lead to more hyperpigmentation.
- Random Home Remedies
When dealing with acute problems like hyperpigmentation, please don’t just throw anything on your Face. Many people will advise you to use lemon on your skin, but that can make your pigmentation way worse and also make it super-sensitive to the sun. So, before going for any home remedies, it’s always best to fact check the hacks.
Murad Rapid Age Spot and Pigment Lightening Serum
For more than 50 years, dermatologists like Dr Murad have prescribed hydroquinone because of its ability to quickly and effectively target skin related problems such as skin discolouration, pimples, freckles, and hyperpigmentation. In a study conducted by the Dermatologist Association of America, it was found that in just one week, 85% of the participants saw their spots lightened, improved skin radiance, radiance, and brightness.
According to Dr Murad himself, the real power of the serum is the 2% hydroquinone itself. Proprietary niacinamide complex is a clinically proven formula to even your skin tone and reduces the appearance of dark spots, age spots, skin discolouration, and hyperpigmentation in 6 weeks. Vitamin C, oligopeptides and subtle light-reflecting pearls enhance skin’s radiance and help brighten the skin tone instantly within six weeks, esthetician Gina Mari and Dr. Howard Murad talks all things Rapid Age Spot Correcting Serum which is a clinical-strength solution that visibly minimises dark spots while being safe for sensitive skin.
The cream contains 2% hydroquinone which acts as an ingredient against hyperpigmentation. It is the highest percentage of hydroquinone which is available in the market without a prescription
Another significant component in the cream is the exfoliating glycolic acid which helps hydroquinone achieve better results. The glycolic acid thoroughly exfoliates the skin, making it easier for the hydroquinone to take effect.
Other key ingredients in the serum are the antioxidants and the hydrating and moisturising ingredients. These two ingredients help keep the skin nourished and encourage a healthy-looking skin
How To Use?
Before applying the cream, thoroughly cleanse your Face using a cleanser and a toner. Take one pump of the serum over your palm and rub your palms together. Now apply the serum evenly throughout your Face and leave no area untouched. Now take one pump of serum over your palm and follow the same procedure. Instead of applying it to the Face, directly apply the serum over your neck and then on your chest. Then use your moisturiser and your eye cream.
Twice daily application of the Murad Rapid Age Spot And Pigment Lightening Serum tends to give positive and visible results within two weeks.
Malcolm Lee from South Korea says;
“I have been obsessed with anything that has skin lightening and skin whitening properties. My pigmentation has been a curse ever since I was 16 years old. Every time I picked up my razor, I realised that I had messed up my Face and had to go on weeks without shaving. It wasn’t until my very late when I realised that I had a considerable amount of bad ingrown hair. In my journey of getting a clearer and radiant skin, I had used chemical peels, exfoliants, overpriced face packs, and every possible solution to control my pigmentation. But there is one thing that has proven to be the best on my skin, and it is the Murad Rapid Age Spot And Pigment Lightening Serum. I have been using the serum for the past six weeks, and it has been great in countering my pigmentation. The Murad Rapid Age Spot And Pigment Lightening Serum has been highly effective in stopping the inflammation from turning into a dark spot and eventually reduce the pigmentation on my face and at a few spots on my neck. What I bought as a trial product has now become the most important thing on my nightstand and the most important part of my skincare routine.”